World Sickle Cell Day is observed annually on 19th of June to increase public knowledge and awareness on sickle cell disease and the associated challenges that results to patients and their families. It was established in 2008 at the United Nations General Assembly. On this day, individuals and groups across the globe recognize sickle cell anemia as one of the contemporary public health concerns. Education too is promoted on this day to promote global awareness of sickle cell disease as one of the most important genetically inherited disease conditions condition.
Various countries have instituted guidelines and policies that can be used by healthcare workers to manage sickle cell patients. The guideline is made available by the government to facilities and are also available online for free download. For example, Kenya has a national guideline for the control and management of sickle cell disease. There are National Health policies against sickle cell disease aim at organizing screening and care to reach populations at risk and concentrate the efforts upon them. In Tanzania, the government has incorporated SCD into its non-communicable diseases program in its national campaign to reduce mortality in children under 5 years.
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